Private Wells 101: Bacterial Contamination and Shock Chlorination

Case of bottled water. If your private well has flooded, an alternative water source, such as bottled water, should be used until you receive test results confirming your well water is safe to drink. Photo taken 08-06-20 by Cristina Carriz, UF/IFAS.

Private well users are responsible for the management and protection of their wells. This new 4-page EDIS publication is for Florida homeowners who are interested in learning more about their well-water system and understanding how to properly shock, or disinfect, the well if there is evidence of drinking water contamination. Written by Yilin Zhuang and Mary Lusk, and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Soil and Water Sciences.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ss700

Purchasing Car Insurance: What College Students Should Know

Line of cars awaiting Covid-19 mobile testing. Photo taken 07-10-20.

Florida law requires drivers to have car insurance that provides financial protection in the event of a mishap. This 4-page publication provides an overview of auto insurance requirements in Florida as well as a glossary of car insurance terms for college students. Written by Nicholas Horvath, Jorge Ruiz-Menjivar, and Sarah M. Ellis, and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Family, Youth and Community Sciences, January 2021.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fy1493

Spatial Measurements on USGS Topo Maps

Photo of a landscape featuring a white sand road disappearing into pine trees on the horizon. Sunbleached grass and a palm tree in the foreground, bright sun contrasts with dramatically dark sky and advancing storm clouds.

United States Geological Survey topographic maps provide a variety of geospatial measurement tools thanks to their built-in georeferencing capabilities. Georeferencing facilitates display of geographic coordinates and measurement of distances, perimeters, and areas on PDFs using the measure tools built into Adobe Reader and Adobe Acrobat. This 7-page fact sheet written by Hartwig H. Hochmair and published by the UF/IFAS School of Forest Resources and Conservation explains and showcases the use of these geospatial readout functions. It also provides background information about and assistance with estimating point coordinates on the Universal Transverse Mercator grid cast on USGS topographic maps as an optional layer.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fr433

Chronic Kidney Disease and Nutrition

Twenty healthiest foods: artichokes, sweet potatoes, broccoli, bananas, mangoes, salmon, onions, tomatoes, apricots, apples, avocados, blueberries, garlic, wheat, rice, nuts, red beans, oats, sunflower seeds, pumpkin seeds. UF/IFAS Photo: Thomas Wright. UF/IFAS calendar 2009

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is considered a public health issue within the United States because an estimated 37 million adults or 15% of the population have this disease. CKD is a disease characterized by the gradual loss of kidney function. Early prevention techniques such as a well-balanced diet reduce the progression of this disease. The purpose of this new 6-page article is to provide an overview of CKD and nutritional considerations. Written by Sofia Acevedo, Danielle Aycart, and Jeanette Andrade, and published by the UF/IFAS Food Science and Human Nutrition Department.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs429

Recycling Organic Materials to Improve Your Florida-Friendly Edible Landscape

Compost pile without receptacle. Credits: Tiare Silvasy, UF/IFAS

This new 7-page publication of the UF/IFAS Environmental Horticulture Department is intended to educate homeowners on environmentally friendly ways to enhance soil fertility for vegetables, herbs, and fruits in the home landscape. It discusses strategies for recycling nutrients in place or via composting systems to create productive edible landscapes with less waste. Adopting these methods into your landscape maintenance routine will build organic matter and add nutrients to the soil naturally. Written by Terra Freeman, Tiare Silvasy, Lynn Barber, Tom Wichman, Esen Momol, Tina McIntyre, Jacqlyn Rivas, and Jen Marvin.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ep599

Fundamentals of Volunteer Orientation

Members of Alpha Zeta volunteering to pick up trash along their stretch of adopt a street in Gainesville, Florida. Summer 2011 Impact magazine image. Image was taken prior to national guidelines of face coverings and social distancing. UF/IFAS Photo by Tyler Jones.

This new 4-page fact sheet is intended to assist volunteer managers when creating volunteer orientations for their new volunteers. Volunteer training and orientation is a critical component which should promote volunteers’ understanding of the role they hold within organizations. Leaders of volunteer organizations must ensure their organizations have adequately prepared volunteers to carry out the organization’s mission. Last, volunteer leaders should incorporate the cause, system, and social orientation components to effectively create an orientation focused on providing the appropriate onboarding of their most valuable asset: volunteers. Written by Olivia Caillouet, Jessica Williams, Shelby Atwood, and Matt Benge, and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Agricultural Education and Communication.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/wc382

Weed Management in Soybeans

This image was taken prior to national guidelines of face coverings and social distancing. Jim Marois, left, and David Wright, professors at the University of Florida’s North Florida Research and Education Center in Quincy, check soybean plants for Asian soybean rust - Friday, July 1, 2005. First discovered in the United States in fall 2004, the crop-killing disease was found growing on cultivated soybeans for the first time this week, at early-planted "sentinel plots" in Florida and Alabama. To help protect the nation’s $16 billion soybean crop, UF researchers are monitoring plants around the state for signs of the disease.

Successful weed control is one of the most important practices for economical soybean production in Florida. This 10-page publication discusses weed control methods for soybean growers. Written by J. A. Ferrell, G. E. MacDonald, and P. Devkota, and published by the UF/IFAS Agronomy Department, revised January 2021.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/wg010

Manejo del COVID-19: mejores prácticas para agronegocios

The virus that causes COVID-19

This is the Spanish language translation of FSHN20-25/FS366, Handling COVID-19: Best Practices for Agribusiness. This material is adapted from the version published at https://foodsafety.ces.ncsu.edu/covid-19-resources/. Written by Tom Maddox and Laurel Dunn (University of Georgia) and published by the UF/IFAS Food Science and Human Nutrition Department.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs395

Manejo del COVID-19: Granjas de frutas y verduras, y empacadoras

The virus that causes COVID-19

This is the Spanish language translation of FSHN20-25/FS366, Handling COVID-19: Produce Farms and Packinghouses. This material is adapted from the version published at https://foodsafety.ces.ncsu.edu/covid-19-resources/. Written by Laurel Dunn and published by the UF/IFAS Food Science and Human Nutrition Department.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs394

Foundations of Effective Classroom Management

Horticulture Professor Balasubramanian Rathinasabapathi (Saba). Teaching, students, lecture, classrooom. UF/IFAS Photo by Tyler Jones.

Classroom management can be challenging for teachers. While managing a classroom requires flexible approach, there are some basic strategies than can be used to make the classroom safe and engaging. This new 3-page article provides recommendations to teachers to manage student behavior in the agriculture classroom. Written by Kelsey M. Thornton, R. G. (Tre) Easterly III, and Ed Osborne, and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Agricultural Education and Communication.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/wc381

Citrus Pest Quick Guide: Ambrosia Beetles (broadly used common name)

Close-up photo of a very tiny beetle on a bright new penny; beetle is longer than Abraham Lincoln's nose on the penny, but not by much.

A one-page quick guide written by Lauren M. Diepenbrock and Jamie D. Burrow and published by the Entomology and Nematology Department presents the life cycle of the ambrosia beetle and provides several photos of the pest and the damage it causes to assist in identification.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in1283

Production Guide of Vegetable Amaranth for Florida

Vegetable amaranth flowers two weeks after blooming. Credit: Guodong Liu, UF/IFAS

Vegetable amaranth is a beautiful and nutritious vegetable in the family Amaranthaceae. This vegetable has been cultivated in China for more than 400 years and has been introduced to several US states, such as Mississippi and Missouri. Florida’s mild climate combined with amaranth’s exceptional taste, nutrients, and colorful foliage suggest amaranth is a potential crop for commercial production for Florida. This new 7-page publication of the UF/IFAS Horticultural Sciences Department is intended to provide Florida growers with a production guide for vegetable amaranth to enhance its competitiveness and boost the economy by introducing this potential cash crop to growers. Written by Yuheng Qiu and Guodong Liu.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1407

Leches a base de plantas: Arroz

A glass of rice milk next to a pile of rice grains. Credit: Lincoln Zotarelli, UF/IFAS

La leche de arroz es una bebida no láctea a base de plantas elaborada principalmente con arroz molido y agua. Se comercializa como un sustituto vegano de la leche de vaca, fácil de digerir y apto para personas alérgicas. Al igual que otras bebidas a base de plantas, la leche de arroz generalmente tiene un color blanco opaco o beige y una textura cremosa que se asemeja a la leche de vaca. Esta publicación describe cómo se elabora la leche de arroz, sus ingredientes y perfil de nutrientes, y los posibles beneficios para la salud y riesgos del consumo.
This new 5-page publication of the UF/IFAS Food Science and Human Nutrition Department is the Spanish translation of FSHN20-50/FS412, Plant-Based Milks: Rice, written by Meagan Lamothe, Daniela Rivero-Mendoza, and Wendy J. Dahl.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs428

Seeding the Garden

A garden bed with string marking rows for even planting. Credit: T. Jones, UF/IFAS

Growing your own Florida vegetable garden can be a rewarding experience with a little planning. This 5-page publication of the UF/IFAS Horticultural Sciences Department presents an overview of proper seed selection and planting. It also provides best management practices, as well as relevant terms and methods, for seeding vegetables in home and community gardens. Written by Danielle Treadwell, David Outerbridge, Tabitha Petri, and James M. Stephens.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/vh026

Bacterial Spot of Pepper

A pile of harvested bell peppers. UF/IFAS Photo by Tyler Jones

Bacterial spot, caused by three species of Xanthomonas, is a limiting disease problem on all peppers. This new 4-page fact sheet provides information on symptoms, causal organism and host resistance, disease cycle and epidemiology, and disease management (including cultural and sanitation practices, chemical control measures and the use of Actigard in chile peppers). Written by Camille McAvoy, Pamela Roberts, and Jeffrey Jones, and published by the UF/IFAS Plant Pathology Department.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pp362

The Savvy Survey #6e: Understanding How Question Type Impacts Future Analysis

Dr. Taylor Stein examines who hikes the Florida trail and why. Image was taken prior to national guidelines of face coverings and social distancing. UF/IFAS Photo: Thomas Wright.

This publication will briefly look at how the intent of a survey affects which types of questions should be asked and how the data can be analyzed to help address this intent. It is intended to provide guidance to Extension professionals, as well as persons in community organizations, who conduct surveys for program planning, improvement, and evaluation. Written by Colleen E. Gariton and Glenn D. Israel, and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Agricultural Education and Communication.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pd083

Leading Difficult Conversations Series #2: Preparing for the Conversation

Hand with Red Pen Proofreading Text Closeup (iStock/Thinkstock)

This publication series is designed to equip leaders with strategies and tactics to use when they are tasked with having a difficult conversation. When approaching difficult conversations, leaders are encouraged to examine themselves prior to engaging in a hard conversation, because ultimately, a person can only change themself. In this series, the first topic to explore is preparing for the conversation. The components of proper preparation include clearly defining the issue and considering the motive behind the conversation. This new 3-page publication of the Department of Agricultural Education and Communication was written by Christy Chiarelli.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/wc378

Management of Citrus Tree Canopies for Fresh-Fruit Production

Removal of sucker shoots from rootstock, bud union, and tree trunk, before (left) and after (right). Credit: International Citrus Technologies Pty Ltd, Western Australia

Canopy management is a useful tool to induce precocity and maintain high production of optimum-sized, high-quality fruit. The aim of this new 8-page publication of the UF/IFAS Department of Soil and Water Sciences is to provide growers with practical tools with which to manage their trees for maximum fresh-fruit yield, quality, and profitability. Written by Andrew Krajewski, Arnold Schumann, Tim Ebert, Chris Oswalt, Rhuanito S. Ferrarezi, and Laura Waldo.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ss698

Cottage Food in Florida

Cottage food preparation at the communal kitchen at Fifth Generation Farms in Lake City, Florida. Photo Credits: UF/IFAS Photo by Tyler Jones

In Florida, individuals can manufacture, sell, and store specific types of cottage food products in their primary home kitchen in accordance with Florida Statute 500.80. This new 3-page fact sheet, written by Sarah M. Ellis, Jennifer Hagen, and Matthew D. Krug and published by the UF/IFAS Food Science and Human Nutrition Department, provides basic information and resources for clientele who are interested in starting a food-based business out of their home kitchen. This document is one in a “Florida Food Entrepreneur” series, which seeks to assist new and established food entrepreneurs by providing information on topics relevant to food-based businesses.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs425

Publicly Available Geographic Information Sources and Common Analysis Tools

Biscayne Bay, south of Miami, Florida. Photo taken 06-18-18.

Geographic information and geospatial data are vital in many practical fields, including precision agriculture, natural resources management, flood zone mapping and management, and environmental assessment. This 6-page publication introduces publicly available geospatial data, including elevation, land use, soil, satellite imagery, and other thematic maps and GIS software commonly used in spatial analysis. Written by Satbyeol Shin and Young Gu Her, and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, January 2021.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ae550