COAST: A Comprehensive Older-Adult Screening Tool

Egg, tomato, avocado, and spinach on toast. Photo taken 07-19-18.

Nutrition risk screening is a first step to quickly identify individuals who might be malnourished or at risk of malnutrition. A malnutrition screening tool should be easy to use, quick to administer, and valid—able to correctly identify those at risk of malnutrition. The Comprehensive Older Adult Screening Tool (COAST) is a valid and practical tool to determine if community-dwelling older adults, specifically older adults of lower socioeconomic status, are at risk for malnutrition. This new 6-page publication of the UF/IFAS Food Science and Human Nutrition Department, written by Karima Alabasi, Nancy J. Gal, and Wendy J. Dahl, provides an introduction to COAST as well as the 5-question screening tool.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs393

COAST-ES: Herramienta integral de tamizaje para adultos mayores

Egg, tomato, avocado, and spinach on toast. Photo taken 07-19-18.

El tamizaje (cribado) del riesgo nutricional es un primer paso para identificar rápidamente a las personas que pueden estar desnutridas o en riesgo de desnutrición. Una herramienta de tamizaje de detección de desnutrición debe ser fácil de usar, rápida de administrar y válida para poder identificar correctamente a las personas en riesgo de desnutrición. La Herramienta Integral de Tamizaje de Adultos Mayores (COAST, por sus siglas en inglés) es una herramienta váida y práctica para determinar si los adultos mayores que viven en la comunidad están en riesgo de desnutrición.
This is the Spanish translation of FSHN20-37/FS393, COAST: A Comprehensive Older-Adult Screening Tool. Written by Karima Alabasi, Nancy J. Gal, and Wendy J. Dahl, translated by Daniela Rivero Mendoza, and published by the UF/IFAS Food Science and Human Nutrition Department.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs396

Planificacion de comidas para la diabetes: manejo de la ingesta de carbohidratos

Assortment of food and groceries that can be purchased for under twenty-five dollars. Photo taken 11-09-16.

Mantener una ingesta constante de carbohidratos durante todo el día es un método eficaz de planificación de comidas para ayudar a mantener su objetivo de niveles de glucosa en sangre. Los alimentos que contienen carbohidratos tienen el mayor efecto sobre los niveles de glucosa en sangre en comparación con los alimentos que contienen principalmente proteínas o grasas. Los carbohidratos en los alimentos que contribuyen a la glucosa en la sangre incluyen azúcares y almidones. Los alimentos que contienen carbohidratos se dividen en grupos según su similar contenido de carbohidratos por porción. La cantidad de carbohidratos que consuma se basa en sus objetivos de tratamiento de la diabetes y la tolerancia a los carbohidratos.
This new 2-page article is the Spanish translation of FSHN20-1/FS324, Diabetes Meal Planning: Managing Your Carbohydrate Intake, written by Nancy J. Gal and Wendy J. Dahl, translated by Daniela Rivero Mendoza, and published by the UF/IFAS Food Science and Human Nutrition Department.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs377

Planificacion de menu para adultos con diabetes

Nancy Gal, standing, Marion County extension agent with the University of Florida's Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, discusses diet selection with participants in her Take Charge of Your Diabetes class. Those participating in the class include, from left, Herman Boykin, Elzatie Miller, Edward Sugarman and Marcella Spencer. Take Charge of Your Diabetes is available from Extension offices throughout Florida. (UF/IFAS photo by Marisol Amador)

La nutrición, la actividad física y la medicación son los tres componentes principales de un plan de manejo de la diabetes. Según la Asociación Americana de Diabetes, no existe un plan específico de comidas para la diabetes. Si tiene diabetes, es importante desempeñar un papel activo en su autocontrol diario. Al trabajar con un Dietista Nutricionista Registrado (RDN), preferiblemente uno que sea un educador certificado en diabetes (CDE), puede desarrollar un plan de nutrición personalizado basado en sus objetivos de tratamiento, medicamentos y preferencias personales.
This new 2-page article is a translation of FSHN19-3/FS323, Meal Planning for Adults with Diabetes, written by Nancy J. Gal and Wendy J. Dahl, translated by Daniela Rivero Mendoza, and published by the UF/IFAS Food Science and Human Nutrition Department.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs376

Bebidas nutricionales suplementarias: Las necesito?

Las bebidas nutricionales suplementarias a menudo se usan en hospitales y hogares de adultos para ayudar a nutrir a quienes pueden comer mal y han perdido peso debido a una enfermedad o falta de apetito. Más recientemente, las bebidas nutricionales están disponibles para la compra de los consumidores. Ejemplos de bebidas o batidos nutricionales suplementarios comunes son Ensure® y Boost®. Esta publicación explora la pregunta que muchos adultos mayores se hacen: “¿Necesito bebidas nutricionales suplementarias?”
This new 3-page publication of the UF/IFAS Food Science and Human Nutrition Department is a Spanish translation of FSHN18-12/FS315, Supplemental Nutrition Drinks: Do I Need Them? Written by Claire Marie Fassett, Nancy J. Gal, and Wendy J. Dahl, and translated by Daniela Rivero Mendoza.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs321

Sal: ¿Debo recortar su consumo?

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La sal alimentaria está compuesta de sodio y cloruro, dos minerales esenciales necesarios para una buena salud. El sodio es muy importante para nuestro cuerpo para mantener el equilibrio de líquidos, el volumen de sangre y la presión arterial. Sin embargo, muchas personas consumen más sodio en la dieta (de la sal) que lo que se necesita. La disminución de sodio en la dieta ha recibido mucha atención en los últimos años debido a la asociación del alto consumo de sodio en la dieta con hipertensión (presión arterial alta) y enfermedad cardiovascular. Esta publicación explora los efectos en la salud de la ingesta excesiva de sodio y las formas de disminuir la ingesta de este mineral.
This new 3-page publication of the UF/IFAS Food Science and Human Nutrition Department is the Spanish version of FSHN 18-9/FS312: Salt: Should I Cut Back? Written by Asmaa Fatani, Nancy J. Gal, and Wendy J. Dahl, and translated by Daniela Rivero Mendoza.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs320

Vegetarianism and the Older Adult

Fresh vegetables being cut. Photo taken 10-01-15.

Vegetarian diets have become more and more popular in recent years, but there is a common concern that such a diet may not provide the adequate amount of nutrients. This 3-page document discusses this misconception and explains the various benefits of a vegetarian diet for older adults. Written by Kelly Johnston and Wendy J. Dahl and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, January 2019.
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs317

Supplemental Nutrition Drinks: Do I Need Them?

Supplemental nutrition drinks are often used in hospitals and adult care homes to help nourish those who may be eating poorly. More recently, these drinks have become available for purchase by consumers. This 2-page publication explores the question that many older adults ask: “Do I need supplemental nutrition drinks?” Written by Claire Marie Fassett, Nancy J. Gal, and Wendy J. Dahl and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, August 2018.
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs315

How Many Meals Should I Eat Each Day?

Figure 1. Food preparation area in the home kitchen

For older adults who want to stay healthy, it’s a common question: should I eat three meals a day, or is two adequate? Also, how much should I snack? This 2-page publication discusses the appropriate amount of daily food consumption in older adults. Written by Wendy J. Dahl and Zainab Alyousif and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, August 2018.
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs313

Dietary Fiber and Chronic Disease

Dr. Wendy Dahl posing with fiber and food to stop kidney disease. Image used in the 2014 Research Discoveries report. UF/IFAS Photo by Javier Edwards

Dietary fiber supports health in various ways. This 2-page document describes the relationships between dietary fiber and prevention and treatment of chronic disease. Written by Wendy J. Dahl and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, August 2018.
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs314

Salt: Should I Cut Back?

Sodium is important for our body to maintain fluid balance, blood volume, and blood pressure; however, many people consume more dietary sodium (from salt) than needed. This 3-page publication explores the health effects of excessive sodium intake and ways to decrease intake of this mineral. Written by Asmaa Fatani, Nancy J. Gal, and Wendy J. Dahl and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, August 2018.
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs312

Enfermedad Renal Cronica (ERC): Una guia de alimentos can alto contenido de fibra

Vivir con la enfermedad renal crónica (ERC) presenta muchos desafíos, y la dieta es uno de ellos. Las personas con ERC pueden tener dificultades para consumir suficientes alimentos ricos en fibra al seguir las otras recomendaciones de dieta para la ERC..

This is the Spanish-language version of FS305, CKD: A Guide to Higher Fiber Foods. Written by Wendy J. Dahl and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, April 2018.
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs309

Alimentos en pure: Postres de lenteja

Una dieta en puré puede ser recomendada para personas con problemas para tragar. Es una dieta que requiere que los alimentos sean mezclados o procesados para obtener una textura suave, similar a un pudín..

This is the Spanish-language version of FS306, Pureéd Foods: Lentil Desserts. Written by Wendy J. Dahl and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, April 2018.
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs310

La Dieta y la Salud del Cerebro

Figure 1. Food preparation area in the home kitchen

Seguir una dieta saludable proporciona muchos beneficios a lo largo del ciclo de la vida. Mantener buenos hábitos de alimentación a medida que envejecemos puede ser especialmente útil para preservar la salud cognitiva―la capacidad de recordar, aprender y tomar decisiones.

This is the Spanish-language version of FSHN17-9/FS304, Diet and Brain Health. This 4-page document provides tips for healthful eating that may help to maximize brain health in older adults. Written by Wendy J. Dahl and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, April 2018.
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs307

La Proteina y El Adulto Mayor

La proteína es un nutriente que provee energía a nuestro cuerpo y está involucrado en muchas funciones vitales como el reparo, mantenimiento y buen funcionamiento del sistema inmunológico.

This is the Spanish-language version of FSHN17-2/FS290, Protein and the Older Adult. This 3-page document describes the nutritional characteristics and requirements of protein in older adults. Written by Wendy J. Dahl and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, April 2018.
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs308

Pureed Foods: Lentil Desserts

A pureed diet may be recommended for individuals with swallowing problems; however, it can be challenging for those with a puréed diet to receive adequate protein, fiber, vitamins, and minerals. This 4-page document provides recipes made with puréed lentils, offering desserts that are both tasty and nutrient-dense. Written by Wendy J. Dahl and Alison O’Donoughue and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, March 2018.
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs306

CKD: A Guide to Higher Fiber Foods

Living with chronic kidney disease (CKD) presents many challenges, and diet is one of them. People with CKD may find it difficult to consume enough fiber-rich foods while following the other diet recommendations for CKD. This 5-page guide will discuss the health benefits of fiber and provide some examples of fiber-rich foods that may be good choices for people with CKD. Written by Wendy J. Dahl and Nancy J. Gal and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, January 2018.
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs305

Diet and Brain Health

Figure 1. Food preparation area in the home kitchen

Following a healthful diet provides many benefits throughout the life cycle. Maintaining good eating habits as we age can be especially helpful to preserve cognitive health (the ability to remember, learn, and make decisions). This 3-page publication provides tips for healthful eating that may help to maximize brain health in older adults. Written by Pooja Tolani and Wendy J. Dahl and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, January 2018.
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs304

Protein and the Older Adult

Protein is a nutrient that provides energy for our bodies and is involved in many vital functions, such as repair, maintenance, and immune function. This three-page document discusses the protein requirements for older adults. Written by Amanda L. Ford and Wendy J. Dahl and published by the Food Science and Human Nutrition Department.
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs290

Facts about Fats and Oils

New Trans Fat info on labels.

Fats and oils are important for good health. Fats provide your body with energy while oils are needed in the diet in small amounts because they are a major source of Vitamin E, which has antioxidant properties. This four-page fact sheet describes the different types of fats and oils and tips for choosing the healthiest types.Written by Tiffany N. Stodtko and Wendy J. Dahl and published by the Food Science and Human Nutrition Department.
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs281