COVID-19 and Food Safety FAQ: Is Coronavirus a Concern at Grocery Stores? (Mandarin Chinese)

The virus that causes COVID-19

This is the Mandarin Chinese translation of FSHN20-20/FS348, COVID-19 and Food Safety FAQ: Is Coronavirus a Concern at Grocery Stores? It provides answers to a few frequently asked questions regarding COVID-19 and grocery stores. Written by Natalie Seymour, Mary Yavelak, Candice Christian, and Ben Chapman, and published by the UF/IFAS Food Science and Human Nutrition Department.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs391

COVID-19 Preventative Measures: Do-It-Yourself Cloth Face Coverings (Mandarin Chinese)

The virus that causes COVID-19

This is the Mandarin Chinese translation of FSHN20-31/FS373, COVID-19 Preventative Measures: Do-It-Yourself Cloth Face Coverings. It provides guidance for making and caring for facemasks. Written by Natalie Seymour, Mary Yavelak, Candice Christian, and Ben Chapman, and published by the UF/IFAS Food Science and Human Nutrition Department.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs390

Is Coronavirus a Concern on Fresh Produce? (Mandarin Chinese)

The virus that causes COVID-19

This is the Mandarin Chinese translation of FSHN20-22/FS350, Is Coronavirus a Concern on Fresh Produce? It provides guidance relevant to COVID-19 regarding handling and consumption of fresh produce. Written by Natalie Seymour, Mary Yavelak, Candice Christian, and Ben Chapman, and published by the UF/IFAS Food Science and Human Nutrition Department.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs389

COVID-19 and Food Safety FAQ: Is Coronavirus a Concern with Takeout? (Mandarin Chinese)

The virus that causes COVID-19

This is the Mandarin Chinese translation of FSHN20-22/FS349, COVID-19 and Food Safety FAQ: Is Coronavirus a Concern with Takeout? It provides answers to frequently asked questions regarding COVID-19 and takeout food. Written by Natalie Seymour, Mary Yavelak, Candice Christian, and Ben Chapman, and published by the UF/IFAS Food Science and Human Nutrition Department.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs388

COVID-19 and Food Safety FAQ: Is Coronavirus a Food Safety Issue? (Mandarin Chinese)

The virus that causes COVID-19

This is the Mandarin Chinese translation of FSHN20-18/FS341, COVID-19 and Food Safety FAQ: Is Coronavirus a Food Safety Issue? It provides guidance related to COVID-19 regarding food production, handling, and packaging. Written by Natalie Seymour, Mary Yavelak, Candice Christian, and Ben Chapman, and published by the UF/IFAS Food Science and Human Nutrition Department.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs387

COVID-19 Preventative Measures: What to Do If You Are Sick (Mandarin Chinese)

The virus that causes COVID-19

This is the Mandarin Chinese translation of FSHN20-17/FS340, COVID-19 Preventative Measures: What to Do If You Are Sick. It provides guidance for seeking medical attention, staying away from others, and avoiding infecting others. Written by Natalie Seymour, Mary Yavelak, Candice Christian, and Ben Chapman, and published by the UF/IFAS Food Science and Human Nutrition Department.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs386

Facts about Wildlife Diseases: Bats and Coronaviruses

Tripart infographic showing a silhouetted pig, three bats, and an unidentified animal but presumably a civet cat in a blue panel on the left. Inside the blue panel are arrows leading from the three bats to the pig above and the civet cat below. Another blue arrow points to a silhouetted human figure centered in the white space between the blue panel on the left and a purple panel on the right containing a single sillouetted man holding a pitchfork and two additional groups of people, some adults in business attire and four children holding hands. Three smaller purple arrows point from the central human figure in the whitespace to the people in the purple panel.
Bats benefit both natural ecosystems and people. Viruses that live in bats can harm people, but transmission of these pathogens from bats to humans can occur only when humans come too close to bats. Recently, misguided attempts to preserve human health have led to persecution of bats. In fact, however, what will keep people healthy is to protect bats and their habitat. This 4-page fact sheet written by Holly K. Ober and Samantha M. Wisely and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Wildlife Ecology and Conservation explains how protecting bat roosts can reduce the likelihood of future zoonotic disease pandemics while also increasing the natural pest reduction services bats provide as they consume insects that cause damage to agronomic crops as well as the mosquitoes that transmit diseases like Zika, dengue, malaria, and chikungunya. Finally, protecting bat roosts keeps bats safely distanced from people, whereas destroying their homes risks the health of both people and bats because it forces bats into closer proximity to people.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/uw473

Finding and Using a Co-Packer

Cottage foods cookie baker Kathy Paiva (left, in apron) and Extension agent Soohyoun Ahn preparing food at a communal kitchen. Photo taken 08-25-17.

A contract packager, commonly called a co-packer, is a manufacturer that will produce, package, and/or label a product for clients. This new 7-page factsheet provides a brief overview on the definition of co-packers, advantages and disadvantages of using a co-packer, and the list of things you need to consider when you hire and work with a co-packer. It also includes a noncomprehensive list of co-packers in Florida and Georgia. This factsheet is one in the Food Entrepreneurship in Florida series, which serves as a useful guide to help run a successful food-related business. Written by Alison O’Donoughue, Wendi Jennings, and Soohyoun Ahn, and published by the UF/IFAS Food Science and Human Nutrition Department.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs380

Jere COVID-19: Pwodwi jaden ak izin anbalaj yo

The virus that causes COVID-19

Pandan ke pa gen prèv ki asosye viris COVID-19 la a yon pwoblèm sekirite alimantè, li se yon pwoblèm sante pou travayè yo paske li pwopaje l pa kontak moun ak moun oswa lè w manyen yon sifas ki kontamine. Manje pa parèt tankou yon kòz ki favorize transmisyon COVID-19 la, men menm pratik yo itilize pou evite maladi ou ka pran nan manje, menm pratik sa yo ta dwe itilize pou diminye chans kontaminasyon COVID-19 la nan nan pwodwi alimentè ki fre yo epi risk pou COVID-19 ta simaye l pami travayè agrikòl yo ak sa kap travay nan izin anbalaj yo.
This new 2-page publication of the UF/IFAS Food Science and Human Nutrition Department is the Haitian Creole translation of FSHN20-25, Handling COVID-19: Produce Farms and Packinghouses. Written by Laurel Dunn (UGA) and translated by Emmanuel Duvalsaint.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs385

Etalaj fwi, legim ak lòt pwodwi agrikòl nan peryòd COVID-19: kisa machann yo ka fè pou pwoteje tèt yo ok kliyan yo

The virus that causes COVID-19

Agrikiltè ak kliyan yo pa dwe ale kote yo etale fwi, legim ak lòt pwodwi agrikòl pou vann si yo gen sentòm COVID-19 la, oswa si yo ta antre an kontak ak yon moun ki malad. Nenpòt moun ki ta gen sentòm yo ap kite espas sa a.
This new 2-page publication of the UF/IFAS Food Science and Human Nutrition Department is the Haitian Creole translation of FSHN20-28, COVID-19 and Farm Stands: Steps for Farm Stand Operators. Written by Natalie Seymour, Mary Yavelak, Candice Christian, and Ben Chapman (all of NCSU) and translated by Emmanuel Duvalsaint.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs384

Antibiotics in Crop Production

Basket of fresh tomatoes and bell peppers. UF/IFAS file photo.

This new 5-page article presents an overview of the use of antibiotics in agriculture. Several of the most severe bacterial diseases of tree fruit and other crops are discussed and their integrated management, which includes the use of antibiotics, is described. Antibiotic use for plant disease protection is compared with the use of antibiotics in livestock production, and their future and limitations in plant production are discussed. Written by Leigh Archer, Ute Albrecht, and Pamela Roberts, and published by the UF/IFAS Horticultural Sciences Department.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1366

Sekirite alimante ak COVID-19 : Kesyon yo poze souvan : Eske kowona viris se yon pwoblem nan pwodiksyon fwi ak legim

The virus that causes COVID-19

Nan moman sa a, CDC, FDA ak USDA pa rapòte okenn ka maladi ki ta sigjere kowona viris la ka transmèt sòti nan manje oswa nan anbalaj pwodwi alimantè. Rechèch ki fèt sou viris ki menm jan an tankou SARS ak grip montre risk transmisyon viris la pou l ta sòti nan yon manje fèb anpil. Pandan ke pa gen anpil enfòmasyon sou ki kantite tan viris la ka fè sou yon sifas, risk pou transmisyon an ta sòti nan yon manje fèb epi li pa ta dwe enkyete nou.
This new 2-page publication of the UF/IFAS Food Science and Human Nutrition Department is the Haitian Creole translation of FSHN20-23, COVID-19 and Food Safety FAQ: Is Coronavirus an Issue in Produce Production?. Written by Natalie Seymour, Mary Yavelak, Candice Christian, and Ben Chapman (all of NCSU) and translated by Emmanuel Duvalsaint.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs383

COVID-19 mezi prevantif: mas an twal pou anplwaye ki nan sekte alimante

The virus that causes COVID-19

Daprè CDC, yon metòd efikas pou kwape pwopagasyon maladi enfektye sa a se lè w kouvri visaj ou ak yon twal oswa w mete yon mas an twal. Yo itilize mas an twal yo pou kouvri bouch ak nen yon moun ki enfekte oswa ki ta ka enfekte si l pran viris la lè yon moun ap touse, estènen oswa nan yon konvèsasyon nòmal. Mas an twal yo bay bon jan pwoteksyon si yo 1) bon kalite 2) mete yo byen 3) sèvi ak yo byen. Lè w mete yon mas an twal, li ka diminye ris men li pa bay yon pwoteksyon total kapital. Nou dwe swiv lòt metòd pou diminye ris yo tankou: pa rete pre yonn ak lòt, lave men nou, itilize sanitzè/dezenfektan pou men epi evite manyen je w, nen w ak bouch ou.
This new 2-page publication of the UF/IFAS Food Science and Human Nutrition Department is the Haitian Creole translation of FSHN20-33, COVID-19 Preventative Measures: Cloth Face Coverings for Food Employees. Written by Natalie Seymour, Mary Yavelak, Candice Christian, and Ben Chapman (all of NCSU) and translated by Emmanuel Duvalsaint.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs382

Jere COVID-19 : Pi bon Pratik pou Agribiznis

The virus that causes COVID-19

COVID-19 simaye l sitou pa kontak dirèk moun ak moun, oswa si pandan yon moun ap touse oubyen pale postiyon krache a ki deja gen viris la kontamine yon sifas epi yon moun ki ansante manyen kote sa a. Pandan ke pifò magazen manje ak ekipman kontinye fonksyone pandan maladi a ap simaye ak lòt ijans, kèk mezi prevantif ka pran pou pwoteje sante anplwaye yo ak kliyan yo.
This new 2-page publication of the UF/IFAS Food Science and Human Nutrition Department is the Haitian Creole translation of FSHN20-27, Handling COVID-19: Best Practices for Agribusiness. Written by Tom Maddox and Laurel Dunn (both of the University of Georgia) and translated by Emmanuel Duvalsaint.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs381

Yellow-Legged Hornet (suggested common name), Vespa velutina (Lepeletier 1836) (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Vespidae)

Close-up photo of Vespa velutina clinging to a flower and feeding on nectar.

The yellow-legged hornet, Vespa velutina (Lepeletier), is a pest of concern outside of its native range. Vespa velutina is native to Southeast Asia and has invaded several regions in Europe, first appearing in France in 2004. As a generalist predator, they are a pest of honey bees and a major concern to many beekeepers. Vespa velutina has not been intercepted in North America, but it is believed to have high invasion potential. This 5-page fact sheet written by Krystal Ashman, Oliver Keller, and Cameron Jack and published by the UF/IFAS Entomology and Nematology Department describes the hornet and explains its live cycle, biology, and some of its predatory strategies.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in1282

Asian Giant Hornet, Vespa mandarinia Smith (1852) (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Vespidae)

Close-up photo of a female Vesma Mandarina Smith, resting on a leaf, some tiny beads of water on its striking yellow head

Vespa mandarinia Smith, commonly called the Asian giant hornet, is the largest hornet in the world. Its size and distinctive markings make it easily distinguishable from other Asian hornet species. Not only is the wasp occasionally life-threatening to humans, it can decimate a number of insect colonies, most notably wild and farmed honey bees. Vespa mandarinia is native to Japan and occurs in several countries in Asia. The first Vespa madarinia hornet detected in the United States was in Washington State in 2019. This 5-page fact sheet written by Caitlin Gill, Cameron Jack, and Andrea Lucky and published by the UF/IFAS Entomology and Nematology Department describes the hornet, its biology, its predatory strategies, and its medical significance. The fact sheet also provides some strategies for management of this dangerous and destructive hornet.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in1281

Amaranthus palmeri—Palmer Amaranth

First true leaves are roughly oval and have a slight notch or indentation at the end.

Palmer amaranth has become one of the most troublesome weeds in the southeastern US due to its vigorous growth rate, high seed production, and development of resistance to herbicides from multiple modes of action. This 4-page publication illustrates characteristics of this weed to assist in accurate identification, proper management, and development of effective control strategies. Written by Sergio Morichetti, Jason Ferrell, and Pratap Devkota, and published by the UF/IFAS Agronomy Department, revised April 2020.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ag346

How to Avoid Common Problems with Leaf Wetness Sensor Installation and Maintenance

Wildlife and grain forage trial plots at the North Florida Research and Education Center in Quincy, Florida.

Leaf wetness duration is an essential input in disease prediction models and decision support systems in Florida and elsewhere. Incorrect installation or lack of regular maintenance of leaf wetness sensors may lead to errors in plant disease risk monitoring and negative impacts on yield. This 7-page publication provides detailed guidelines for the proper installation and maintenance of leaf wetness sensors and describes the most common problems found in field installations as well as potential solutions. Written by T. B. Onofre, C. W. Fraisse, N. A. Peres, and J. McNair, and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, February 2020.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ae538

Cultivo de ciruelas en Florida

A close-up of a plum on a tree.

Las ciruelas podrían ser un cultivo potencial para los productores y propietarios de viviendas en Florida y otras áreas de invierno templado en toda la costa del Golfo, pero muchas variedades de ciruelas de la costa oeste no funcionarán de manera consistente en Florida para producir fruta. Sin embargo, el programa de mejoramiento de fruta de hueso de la Universidad de Florida ha desarrollado cultivares que mejoran el potencial para el cultivo de ciruelas en Florida y otras áreas de invierno templado que tienen alta presión de enfermedades. Estos cultivares se recomiendan para probar en Florida. Los nombres de todos los cultivares de ciruela de la Universidad de Florida comienzan con el prefijo 'Gulf'. Estos cultivares son ciruelas de tipo japonés (Prunus salicina Lindl.) y tienen resistencia al escaldado de hojas de ciruela (Xylella fastidiosa) y a la bacteriosis o cribado (Xanthomonas campestris). El tamaño del fruto es satisfactorio (aproximadamente 1½ a 2 pulgadas de diámetro) con buena calidad del fruto. Maduran a principios o finales de mayo, aproximadamente dos semanas antes de que las ciruelas de otras áreas lleguen al Mercado.
This new 14-page fact sheet is the Spanish translation of HS895/HS250, Growing Plums in Florida, written by A. Sarkhosh, M. Olmstead, E. P. Miller, P. C. Andersen, and J. G. Williamson, translated by Tatiana Sanchez, and published by the UF/IFAS Horticultural Sciences Department.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1364

Basic Tips for Designing Efficient Irrigation Systems

Drip irrigation system for citrus.

As freshwater resources become increasingly scarce and droughts become more frequent, there is a need for efficient use of water resources. Designing efficient irrigation systems and equipment will not only save money but also conserve water. This 10-page fact sheet discusses factors to consider when designing irrigation systems. Written by Haimanote K. Bayabil, Kati W. Migliaccio, Michael Dukes, and Laura Vasquez, and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, February 2020.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ae539