Bermudagrass Production in Florida

Tifton 85 bermudagrass hayfield in Florida.

This 10-page document is primarily for Extension agents and farmers looking for detailed information about bermudagrass production in Florida, including cultivar characteristics, fertilization, and pest and disease management. Written by M. O. Wallau, J. M. B. Vendramini, and J. K. Yarborough, and published by the UF/IFAS Agronomy Department, revised May 2020.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/aa200

Diagnostic Methods for the Comprehensive Health Assessment of the Long-Spined Sea Urchin, Diadema antillarum

Using a dissecting microscope to examine D. antillarum. This animal was to be necropsied, so spines were cut prior to the exam. If the procedure is planned as a nonlethal exam, the spines should not be damaged.

This 55-page document contains a wealth of information on the long-spined sea urchin, which is an important animal in coral reef ecosystems. The publication discusses diagnostic methods for Diadema antillarum and provides reporting forms for laboratory and diagnostic work. Written by Ruth Francis-Floyd, Jan Landsberg, Roy Yanong, Yasu Kiryu, Shirley Baker, Deborah Pouder, William Sharp, Gabriel Delgado, Nicole Stacy, Tom Waltzek, Heather Walden, Roxanna Smolowitz, and Greg Beck, and published by the UF/IFAS Veterinary Medicine—Large Animal Clinical Sciences Department, May 2020.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/vm244

Amaranthus palmeri—Palmer Amaranth

First true leaves are roughly oval and have a slight notch or indentation at the end.

Palmer amaranth has become one of the most troublesome weeds in the southeastern US due to its vigorous growth rate, high seed production, and development of resistance to herbicides from multiple modes of action. This 4-page publication illustrates characteristics of this weed to assist in accurate identification, proper management, and development of effective control strategies. Written by Sergio Morichetti, Jason Ferrell, and Pratap Devkota, and published by the UF/IFAS Agronomy Department, revised April 2020.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ag346

How to Avoid Common Problems with Leaf Wetness Sensor Installation and Maintenance

Wildlife and grain forage trial plots at the North Florida Research and Education Center in Quincy, Florida.

Leaf wetness duration is an essential input in disease prediction models and decision support systems in Florida and elsewhere. Incorrect installation or lack of regular maintenance of leaf wetness sensors may lead to errors in plant disease risk monitoring and negative impacts on yield. This 7-page publication provides detailed guidelines for the proper installation and maintenance of leaf wetness sensors and describes the most common problems found in field installations as well as potential solutions. Written by T. B. Onofre, C. W. Fraisse, N. A. Peres, and J. McNair, and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, February 2020.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ae538

Basic Tips for Designing Efficient Irrigation Systems

Drip irrigation system for citrus.

As freshwater resources become increasingly scarce and droughts become more frequent, there is a need for efficient use of water resources. Designing efficient irrigation systems and equipment will not only save money but also conserve water. This 10-page fact sheet discusses factors to consider when designing irrigation systems. Written by Haimanote K. Bayabil, Kati W. Migliaccio, Michael Dukes, and Laura Vasquez, and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, February 2020.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ae539

ET-Based Irrigation Scheduling for Papaya (Carica papaya) in Florida

Fruiting papaya trees at the Tropical Research and Education Center in Homestead, FL. UF/IFAS Photo: Thomas Wright.

Three irrigation scheduling methods (set schedule, ET-based, and tensiometer-based) were tested for papaya production in south Florida. ET-based irrigation scheduling was found to conserve water effectively. This 6-page document primarily focuses on the ET-based irrigation scheduling techniques for papaya under Florida conditions. Written by Haimanote K. Bayabil, Jonathan H. Crane, Kati W. Migliaccio, Yuncong Li, and Fredy Ballen, and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, March 2020.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ae540

Pi bon fason pou granmoun (kap pran swen lot moun) lave men yo

Elderly person receiving assistance from a caregiver with everyday tasks. UF/IFAS Photo by Marisol Amador.

Lave men enpòtan pou redwi transfè jèm mikwòb ki soti nan matyè fekal oswa poupou pou ale nan bouch, ki ka lakoz maladi. Timoun piti ak granmoun aje yo gen mwens kapasite pou yo konbat jèm mikwòb pase lòt kategori moun. Kòm moun kap pran swen moun ou ka ede diminye risk maladi ki ka pwopaje nan anviwònman ki gen anpil moun lè w swiv bon jan metòd pou lave men w. This is the Haitian Creole version of FCS8782, Proper Hand Washing for Caregivers. Written by Amy Simonne, translated and reviewed by Emmanuel Jean Claude Duvalsaint and Nicole Monval, and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Family, Youth and Community Sciences, March 2020.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fy1490

Pi bon fason pou timoun piti (ki gen laj pou ale lekol) lave men yo

Active preschool children playing on a playground. Photo taken on 12-01-16.

Jèm yo ka kache anba zong ki long ak nan men ki sal. Kenbe zong ou kout epi lave men w souvan, se aksyon ki pi enpòtan ou ka poze pou anpeche jèm mikwòb fè w tonbe malad. Jèm ki bay maladi tankou larim, grip, dyare, ak vomisman ka vinn nan men w lè w manyen objè ki nan alantou w. Moun, animal domestik, manje kri, jwèt, tè, ak tout objè nou itilize plizyè fwa pa jou, yo tout ka gen jèm mikwòb sou yo. Lè w lave men w byen li ede retire jèm mikwòb nan men w. This is the Haitian Creole version of FCS8783, Proper Hand Washing for School Children. Written by Amy Simonne, translated and reviewed by Emmanuel Jean Claude Duvalsaint and Nicole Monval, and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Family, Youth and Community Sciences, March 2020.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fy1491

Adecuado lavado de manos para cuidadores

Elderly person receiving assistance from a caregiver with everyday tasks. UF/IFAS Photo by Marisol Amador.El lavado de las manos es una forma importante de reducir la transferencia fecal-oral de gérmenes que causan enfermedades. Los niños pequeños y los ancianos con limitaciones tienen menos capacidad para combatir los gérmenes que otras personas. Como cuidador, usted puede ayudar a reducir el riesgo de transmisión de enfermedades en ambientes con multitudes mediante el uso de los adecuados procedimientos de lavado de manos. This is the Spanish language version of Proper Hand Washing for Caregivers (FCS8782Eng/FY724).
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fy1486

Adecuado lavado de manos para ninos en la escuela

Active preschool children playing on a playground. Photo taken on 12-01-16.Los gérmenes pueden esconderse debajo de uñas largas y en manos sucias. Mantener las uñas cortas y lavarse las manos con frecuencia son las cosas más importantes que puedes hacer para evitar que los gérmenes te enfermen. Los gérmenes que causan enfermedades como resfriados, gripe, diarrea y vómitos pueden llegar a tus manos al tocar las cosas a tu alrededor. Las personas, las mascotas, los alimentos crudos, los juguetes, la tierra y los objetos utilizados en nuestra vida diaria pueden tener gérmenes. Lavarte las manos adecuadamente ayuda a eliminar los gérmenes. This is the Spanish language version of Proper Hand Washing for School Children (FCS8783Eng/FY725).
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fy1487

Adecuado lavado de manos para manipuladores de alimentos

Hands washing kale in a sink. Photo taken 02-15-18.El lavado de manos es uno de los principales métodos utilizados para ayudar a prevenir enfermedades transmitidas por los alimentos. El lavado adecuado de las manos reducirá el riesgo de transmitir microorganismos, como bacterias, virus y otros agentes, que causan enfermedades a las personas que comen los alimentos que manipulas. Si necesita usar desinfectante para las manos, ¡siempre lávate las manos primero! La suciedad, los alimentos o cualquier otra cosa en las manos hacen menos eficaz el efecto del alcohol. ¡No use desinfectante para manos en lugar de lavarse las manos! This is the Spanish language version of Proper Hand Washing for Food Handlers (FCS8784Eng/FY726).
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fy1488

Adecuado lavado de manos para adultos mayores

An elderly person's bathroom can be made safer by adding items that will help them maneuver easier. UF/IFAS Photo by Marisol Amador.Lavarse las manos es una forma importante de reducir la propagación de enfermedades infecciosas. Los gérmenes de origen humano y animal pueden transmitirse a las manos, que a su vez pueden transmitir los gérmenes a otras personas, alimentos y cualquier otra cosa que toquen. El adecuado lavado de las manos puede reducir la cantidad de microorganismos infecciosos en nuestras manos y reducir el riesgo de contraer algunas enfermedades. This is the Spanish language version of Proper Hand Washing for Elders (FCS8785Eng/FY727).
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fy1489

Urban Fertilizer Ordinances in the Context of Environmental Horticulture and Water Quality Extension Programs: Frequently Asked Questions

Gardener fertilizing yard. Grass, turf, broadcast spreader.

Excess nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) in water bodies are a leading cause of water quality degradation statewide. More than 50 Florida counties and municipalities now have formal fertilizer ordinances, which in some cases include fertilizer blackouts, or bans on the usage of N and P fertilizers during certain times of the year. This 8-page document provides information on the underlying issues of fertilizer use, with an emphasis on an urban setting, and outlines the current state of the science on urban fertilizers and water quality in Florida. Written by Michael D. Dukes, Lisa Krimsky, Mary Lusk, Laurie Trenholm, Bryan Unruh, Michelle Atkinson, and Rao Mylavarapu, and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, February 2020.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ae534

What Does Florida Weather during the Past 20 Years Look Like?: Florida Weather Represented by the Florida Automated Weather Network (FAWN)

Storm rising over a farm.

This 8-page document gives an overview of Florida temperature and rainfall during the past 20 years based on historical FAWN data to provide information about the temporal and spatial trends of Florida weather and the frequency and size of extreme weather events such as heavy rainfall and drought. This document also investigates the characteristics of drought and heavy rainfall in relation to hurricanes and tropical storms. Written by Satbyeol Shin, Young Gu Her, Geraldina Zhang, and William Lusher, and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, January 2020.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ae537

Residential Irrigation Water Costs in Osceola County and Orange County, Florida

Single-family, detached homes.

Interest in understanding water use and irrigation costs has risen in recent years. This case study is a 5-page evaluation of water use and associated costs for residential landscape irrigation in Osceola County and Orange County, Florida. Homeowners in central Florida can use the results to assess their water consumption and bills in relation to similar homes in the area. Written by Nick Taylor, Tricia Kyzar, Pierce Jones, and Kaitlin O. Robb Price, and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, December 2019.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ae536

Sugarcane Cultivar Descriptive Fact Sheet: CP 06-2400, CP 06-2042, and CP 07-2137

CP 06-2400 at early growth stage in muck soil.

This 5-page fact sheet provides basic information and yield and disease information for CP 06-2400, CP 06-2042, and CP 07-2137 to assist growers in better selection and management of these cultivars. Written by Hardev Sandhu, Matt VanWeelden, and Wayne Davidson, and published by the UF/IFAS Agronomy Department, December 2019.
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/sc106

Hurricane Preparedness for Forage Crops in the Southeast United States

Belle Glade, hurricane of 1928. Photos from the Smather's Archives.

This 4-page document provides information on preparing forage crops, conserved forage, and grazing areas for potential hurricane damage and alleviating hurricane damage on forage crops and grazing lands in the Southeast United States, with an emphasis on the Florida peninsula and Gulf Coast. Written by José C. B. Dubeux, Jr. and Edward K. Twidwell, and published by the UF/IFAS Agronomy Department, November 2019.
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ag439

Preflight and Flight Instructions on the Use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) for Agricultural Applications

A drone aircraft in mid-flight. Photo taken 06-14-19.

This 5-page document provides guidance on the appropriate use of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) for agricultural applications in Florida. It contains step-by-step instructions for preparing a UAV for flight, creating a mission path (using flight mission planning apps), and collecting UAV-based data. Written by Sri Charan Kakarla, Leon De Morais Nunes, and Yiannis Ampatzidis, and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, November 2019.
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ae535

Raising Backyard Chickens for Eggs

Chickens. Chicken, poultry, eggs, small farms livestock. UF/IFAS Photo by Tyler Jones.

Raising backyard chickens is an increasingly popular way to explore self-sufficiency, connect with how our food is produced, and gain experience for future dabbling in food production. This 13-page publication is designed primarily for those considering raising backyard chickens for eggs for personal consumption. Written by Mary E. Henry, Jessica M. Ryals, Alicia Halbritter, and Derek L. Barber, and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Animal Sciences, revised November 2019.
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/an239

Postflight Data Processing Instructions on the Use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) for Agricultural Applications

A drone aircraft in mid-flight. Photo taken 06-14-19.

Remote sensing applications for agriculture often require periodically collected high-resolution data, which are difficult to obtain by manned flights or satellite imagery. This 6-page document provides guidance on the use of post-processing software to visualize data collected by unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) for agricultural applications. It provides step-by-step instructions for using the data collected from a UAV flight to create several types of maps and indices. Written by Sri Charan Kakarla and Yiannis Ampatzidis, and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, October 2019.
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ae533