Cooperative Unit Systems: 2. Organizational Strategies

Squash and pumpkins on hay bales, with the 4-H banner. Squash, pumpkins, 4-H, hay, gourds, corn, fall. UF/IFAS Photo by Tyler Jones.

This 8-page document introduces the core requirements and organizational considerations for replicating a cooperative animal unit. Written by Alyssa Schortinghouse, and published by the UF/IFAS 4-H Youth Development Department, August 2020.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/4h409

Questions and Answers for Using Sunn Hemp (Crotalaria juncea L.) as a Green Manure Cover Crop

Sunn hemp flowering during the summer growing season in southern Florida.

This 4-page document synthesizes information about the warm-season cover crop, sunn hemp. It addresses frequently asked questions for growers and summarizes the expanding body of sunn hemp research. The information is provided so growers in Florida can learn about up-to-date cultivation and management options as well as better understand sunn hemp’s practical uses. Written by Thioro Fall, Ariel Freidenreich, Stacy Swartz, Christopher Vincent, Yuncong Li, and Zachary Brym, and published by the UF/IFAS Agronomy Department, July 2020.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ag443

Biology and Management of Garden Spurge (Euphorbia hirta) in Ornamental Crop Production

Young garden spurge seedlings, approximately 2 weeks after germination.

Garden spurge is a prostrate, herbaceous, short-lived, warm-season annual weed commonly found in Florida landscapes, container nurseries, and other agricultural production areas. This 5-page article is written to aid green industry professionals and others in the identification and management of garden spurge in and around ornamental plants. Written by Thomas Smith, Chris Marble, Shawn Steed, and Nathan Boyd, and published by the UF/IFAS Environmental Horticulture Department, July 2020.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ep586

Advantages and Disadvantages of Various Dry-off Methods for Dairy Cows

A dairy cow. Photo taken 03-31-18.

This 6-page document reviews advantages, disadvantages, and cost of four dry-off methods and gives recommendations for practical dry-off management. Written by Pornpamol Pattamanont, Marcos Marcondes, and Albert De Vries, and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Animal Sciences, June 2020.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/an360

Bagasse: A Potential Organic Soil Amendment Used in Sugarcane Production

Pile of bagasse collected at the US Sugar processing plant in Clewiston, FL.

Bagasse is an agricultural by-product derived from the sugarcane milling process. It is a dry and fibrous residue left after the extraction of sugar juice from sugarcane. This 5-page document is a preliminary investigation into the possible effects of using bagasse as a soil amendment. Written by Jehangir H. Bhadha, Nan Xu, Raju Khatiwada, Stewart Swanson, and Chris LaBorde, and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Soil and Water Sciences, August 2020.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ss690

Weed Management in Peanuts

Rows of peanuts ready to be harvested. Photo taken 08-22-19.

Successful weed control in peanuts involves use of good management practices in all phases of peanut production. This 11-page document lists herbicide products registered for use in Florida peanut production, their mode of actions group, application rate per acre and per season, and reentry interval. It also discusses the performance of these herbicides on several weeds under Florida conditions. Written by J. A. Ferrell, G. E. MacDonald, and P. Devkota, and published by the UF/IFAS Agronomy Department, revised May 2020.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/wg008

Adjusting Crop Yield to a Standard Moisture Content

Corn stalks growing in a field.

Since there are different ways to report moisture (as a decimal or as a percentage), and because the calculation seems intuitive, there is some confusion among agricultural professionals about how to adjust yield to a standardized moisture content. This 4-page publication aims to clarify the concept and the math. Written by Michael J. Mulvaney and Pratap Devkota, and published by the UF/IFAS Agronomy Department, May 2020.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ag442

Mite Pests of Southern Highbush Blueberry in Florida

Southern red mite shed skins.

This 4-page document discusses life cycles, damage, monitoring, and management of southern red mites and false spider mites in southern highbush blueberries. Written by Oscar E. Liburd, Lorena Lopez, and Doug Phillips, and published by the UF/IFAS Entomology and Nematology Department, June 2020.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in1284

Development of a Model Mutagenesis System for Snapdragon

Different uses of snapdragons.

This 4-page document describes the advantages of snapdragon’s elegant transposon mutagenesis system and its connection to plant breeding. Written by Zhaoyuan Lian, Heqiang Huo, Sandra Wilson, and Jianjun Chen, and published by the UF/IFAS Environmental Horticulture Department, August 2020.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ep584

Strategies to Increase Personal Resilience in Disaster Response Efforts

Through its Hurricane Preparedness for Hotels and Motels Program, the Florida Energy Extension Service helps the tourist industry keep guests safe during lighting storms.

This 3-page publication highlights strategies to help Extension professionals increase their personal resilience in disaster response efforts. Written by Amanda D. Ali, Angela Lindsey, Amy Harder, Lisa Lundy, and T. Grady Roberts, and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Agricultural Education and Communication, May 2020.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/wc360

Bermudagrass Production in Florida

Tifton 85 bermudagrass hayfield in Florida.

This 10-page document is primarily for Extension agents and farmers looking for detailed information about bermudagrass production in Florida, including cultivar characteristics, fertilization, and pest and disease management. Written by M. O. Wallau, J. M. B. Vendramini, and J. K. Yarborough, and published by the UF/IFAS Agronomy Department, revised May 2020.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/aa200

Diagnostic Methods for the Comprehensive Health Assessment of the Long-Spined Sea Urchin, Diadema antillarum

Using a dissecting microscope to examine D. antillarum. This animal was to be necropsied, so spines were cut prior to the exam. If the procedure is planned as a nonlethal exam, the spines should not be damaged.

This 55-page document contains a wealth of information on the long-spined sea urchin, which is an important animal in coral reef ecosystems. The publication discusses diagnostic methods for Diadema antillarum and provides reporting forms for laboratory and diagnostic work. Written by Ruth Francis-Floyd, Jan Landsberg, Roy Yanong, Yasu Kiryu, Shirley Baker, Deborah Pouder, William Sharp, Gabriel Delgado, Nicole Stacy, Tom Waltzek, Heather Walden, Roxanna Smolowitz, and Greg Beck, and published by the UF/IFAS Veterinary Medicine—Large Animal Clinical Sciences Department, May 2020.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/vm244

Amaranthus palmeri—Palmer Amaranth

First true leaves are roughly oval and have a slight notch or indentation at the end.

Palmer amaranth has become one of the most troublesome weeds in the southeastern US due to its vigorous growth rate, high seed production, and development of resistance to herbicides from multiple modes of action. This 4-page publication illustrates characteristics of this weed to assist in accurate identification, proper management, and development of effective control strategies. Written by Sergio Morichetti, Jason Ferrell, and Pratap Devkota, and published by the UF/IFAS Agronomy Department, revised April 2020.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ag346

How to Avoid Common Problems with Leaf Wetness Sensor Installation and Maintenance

Wildlife and grain forage trial plots at the North Florida Research and Education Center in Quincy, Florida.

Leaf wetness duration is an essential input in disease prediction models and decision support systems in Florida and elsewhere. Incorrect installation or lack of regular maintenance of leaf wetness sensors may lead to errors in plant disease risk monitoring and negative impacts on yield. This 7-page publication provides detailed guidelines for the proper installation and maintenance of leaf wetness sensors and describes the most common problems found in field installations as well as potential solutions. Written by T. B. Onofre, C. W. Fraisse, N. A. Peres, and J. McNair, and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, February 2020.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ae538

Basic Tips for Designing Efficient Irrigation Systems

Drip irrigation system for citrus.

As freshwater resources become increasingly scarce and droughts become more frequent, there is a need for efficient use of water resources. Designing efficient irrigation systems and equipment will not only save money but also conserve water. This 10-page fact sheet discusses factors to consider when designing irrigation systems. Written by Haimanote K. Bayabil, Kati W. Migliaccio, Michael Dukes, and Laura Vasquez, and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, February 2020.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ae539

ET-Based Irrigation Scheduling for Papaya (Carica papaya) in Florida

Fruiting papaya trees at the Tropical Research and Education Center in Homestead, FL. UF/IFAS Photo: Thomas Wright.

Three irrigation scheduling methods (set schedule, ET-based, and tensiometer-based) were tested for papaya production in south Florida. ET-based irrigation scheduling was found to conserve water effectively. This 6-page document primarily focuses on the ET-based irrigation scheduling techniques for papaya under Florida conditions. Written by Haimanote K. Bayabil, Jonathan H. Crane, Kati W. Migliaccio, Yuncong Li, and Fredy Ballen, and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, March 2020.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ae540

Pi bon fason pou granmoun (kap pran swen lot moun) lave men yo

Elderly person receiving assistance from a caregiver with everyday tasks. UF/IFAS Photo by Marisol Amador.

Lave men enpòtan pou redwi transfè jèm mikwòb ki soti nan matyè fekal oswa poupou pou ale nan bouch, ki ka lakoz maladi. Timoun piti ak granmoun aje yo gen mwens kapasite pou yo konbat jèm mikwòb pase lòt kategori moun. Kòm moun kap pran swen moun ou ka ede diminye risk maladi ki ka pwopaje nan anviwònman ki gen anpil moun lè w swiv bon jan metòd pou lave men w. This is the Haitian Creole version of FCS8782, Proper Hand Washing for Caregivers. Written by Amy Simonne, translated and reviewed by Emmanuel Jean Claude Duvalsaint and Nicole Monval, and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Family, Youth and Community Sciences, March 2020.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fy1490

Pi bon fason pou timoun piti (ki gen laj pou ale lekol) lave men yo

Active preschool children playing on a playground. Photo taken on 12-01-16.

Jèm yo ka kache anba zong ki long ak nan men ki sal. Kenbe zong ou kout epi lave men w souvan, se aksyon ki pi enpòtan ou ka poze pou anpeche jèm mikwòb fè w tonbe malad. Jèm ki bay maladi tankou larim, grip, dyare, ak vomisman ka vinn nan men w lè w manyen objè ki nan alantou w. Moun, animal domestik, manje kri, jwèt, tè, ak tout objè nou itilize plizyè fwa pa jou, yo tout ka gen jèm mikwòb sou yo. Lè w lave men w byen li ede retire jèm mikwòb nan men w. This is the Haitian Creole version of FCS8783, Proper Hand Washing for School Children. Written by Amy Simonne, translated and reviewed by Emmanuel Jean Claude Duvalsaint and Nicole Monval, and published by the UF/IFAS Department of Family, Youth and Community Sciences, March 2020.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fy1491

Adecuado lavado de manos para cuidadores

Elderly person receiving assistance from a caregiver with everyday tasks. UF/IFAS Photo by Marisol Amador.El lavado de las manos es una forma importante de reducir la transferencia fecal-oral de gérmenes que causan enfermedades. Los niños pequeños y los ancianos con limitaciones tienen menos capacidad para combatir los gérmenes que otras personas. Como cuidador, usted puede ayudar a reducir el riesgo de transmisión de enfermedades en ambientes con multitudes mediante el uso de los adecuados procedimientos de lavado de manos. This is the Spanish language version of Proper Hand Washing for Caregivers (FCS8782Eng/FY724).
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fy1486

Adecuado lavado de manos para ninos en la escuela

Active preschool children playing on a playground. Photo taken on 12-01-16.Los gérmenes pueden esconderse debajo de uñas largas y en manos sucias. Mantener las uñas cortas y lavarse las manos con frecuencia son las cosas más importantes que puedes hacer para evitar que los gérmenes te enfermen. Los gérmenes que causan enfermedades como resfriados, gripe, diarrea y vómitos pueden llegar a tus manos al tocar las cosas a tu alrededor. Las personas, las mascotas, los alimentos crudos, los juguetes, la tierra y los objetos utilizados en nuestra vida diaria pueden tener gérmenes. Lavarte las manos adecuadamente ayuda a eliminar los gérmenes. This is the Spanish language version of Proper Hand Washing for School Children (FCS8783Eng/FY725).
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fy1487