Vegetarianismo y adultos mayores

An assortment of fresh fruits and vegetables. Photo taken 03/18/16.

Las dietas basadas en plantas se recomiendan para reducir el riesgo de enfermedades crónicas. Una dieta vegetariana es una dieta basada en plantas compuesta de vegetales, frutas, granos integrales, legumbres, nueces y semillas, con o sin alimentos a base de lácteos y huevos. Si se excluyen todos los alimentos de origen animal, se considera una dieta vegana. Las dietas vegetarianas y veganas bien planificadas pueden mejorar la salud durante todas las etapas de la vida, incluida la edad adulta. Sin embargo, cuando se sigue una dieta vegetariana como adulto mayor, se debe prestar especial atención a los cambios en las necesidades nutricionales relacionadas con la edad.
This new 4-page article is a translation of FSHN19-1/FS317, Vegetarianism and the Older Adult. Written by Kelly Johnston and Wendy J. Dahl, translated by Daniela Rivero Mendoza, and published by the UF/IFAS Food Science and Human Nutrition Department.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs378

Meal Planning for Adults with Diabetes

Hand held electronic diabetes monitoring devices. Metabolic diseases, blood sugar. Image used in the 2012 Annual Research Report.

Nutrition, physical activity, and medication are the three main components of a diabetes management plan. According to the Americans Diabetes Association, there is no one diabetes meal plan; rather, it is a healthful eating pattern specifically designed to meet your individual needs. This new 2-page publication of the UF/IFAS Food Science and Human Nutrition Department provides some basic tips for creating a personalized meal plan for adults with diabetes. Written by Nancy J. Gal and Wendy J. Dahl.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs323

Diabetes Meal Planning: Managing Your Carbohydrate Intake

Assortment of food and groceries that can be purchased for under twenty-five dollars. Photo taken 11-09-16.

If you have diabetes, maintaining a consistent carbohydrate intake throughout the day is an effective meal-planning method to help maintain your target blood glucose levels. Foods that contain carbohydrates have the greatest effect on blood glucose levels compared to foods that contain primarily protein or fat. Carbohydrates in foods that contribute to blood glucose includes sugars and starches. The amount of carbohydrate you consume is based on your diabetes treatment goals and carbohydrate tolerance. This new 3-page publication of the UF/IFAS Food Science and Human Nutrition Department, written by Nancy J. Gal and Wendy J. Dahl, provides a strategy for planning your daily menu to manage your carbohydrate intake.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs324

Fibra alimentaria y enfermedades crónicas

Dr. Wendy Dahl posing with fiber and food to stop kidney disease. Image used in the 2014 Research Discoveries report. UF/IFAS Photo by Javier Edwards

La fibra alimentaria tiene muchos efectos positivos en la salud. Esta publicación describe las relaciones entre la fibra alimentaria y la prevención y el tratamiento de enfermedades crónicas.
This new 2-page publication of the UF/IFAS Food Science and Human Nutrition Department is a Spanish translation of FSHN18-11/FS314, Dietary Fiber and Chronic Disease. Written by Wendy Dahl and translated by Daniela Rivero Mendoza.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs322

¿Cuantas comidas debo comer cada dia?

Figure 1. Food preparation area in the home kitchen

Comer de manera saludable no se trata tanto de la cantidad de comidas y meriendas consumidas, sino de los tipos y las cantidades de alimentos totales consumidos en un día. Tratar de cumplir con las porciones recomendadas de los cinco grupos de alimentos, es decir, frutas, verduras, granos, proteínas y productos lácteos ayudará a promover la buena salud y prevenir enfermedades.
This new 2-page publication of the UF/IFAS Food Science and Human Nutrition Department is the Spanish translation of FSHN18-10/FS313, How many meals should I eat each day? Written by Zainab Alyousif and Wendy Dahl, and translated by Daniela Rivero Mendoza.
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs319

Seven New Spanish Translations in Food Science and Human Nutrition

The following new Spanish translations have been published in the Food Science and Human Nutrition Department:

Alimentos en Pure: Prueba de Textura con la Prueba de Desplome

Figure 6. A) puréed canned beets with water separation; B) puréed canned beets with the addition of a small amount of puréed kidney beans and showing no water separation (cylinder filled to 2” marking).

This is the Spanish version of FS276 Pureed Foods: Texture Testing with the Slump Test. For individuals with dysphagia, the texture of puréed foods is extremely important. If the puréed foods are either too thick or too thin, it can make it more difficult to swallow. The slump test is a quick, easy, and inexpensive way to assess the texture of foods. This four-page fact sheet describes the slump test, how to perform a slump test, and how the slump test can be used to evaluate the texture of puréed foods. Written by Wendy J. Dahl, and published by the Food Science and Human Nutrition Department.
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs288

Chronic Kidney Disease: Potassium and Your Diet

Dr. Wendy Dahl posing with fiber and food to stop kidney disease. Image used in the 2014 Research Discoveries report.  UF/IFAS Photo by Javier Edwards

Potassium is an essential mineral required for normal body function. It helps maintain normal blood pressure, fluid and electrolyte balance, muscle and nerve function, as well as bone density. This three-page fact sheet describes potassium and its normal dietary importance, as well as the impact potassium levels have on those with Chronic Kidney Disease. Written by Ashley R. Kendall, Nancy J. Gal, and Wendy J. Dahl and published by the Food Science and Human Nutrition Department.
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs287

A Guide to Probiotics and Health

Dessert cup.  Photo Credits:  UF/IFAS Photo by Amy Stuart

Probiotics are beneficial for gastrointestinal wellness, immunity, and a variety of other health outcomes. There are hundreds of probiotic supplements available in the marketplace and choosing a supplement can be challenging. This six-page fact sheet provides a summary of the health benefits of probiotics that are backed by a high level of scientific evidence. Written by Wendy J. Dahl and published by the Food Science and Human Nutrition department.
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs286

Health Benefits of Olive Oil and Olive Extracts

istock photo: 58497852 Copyright: dulezidar
Olive oil is known for its health benefits. There are three common types of olive oil, namely virgin olive oil, refined olive oil, and olive pomace oil. Each has its unique processing method, flavor characteristics, composition, and food applications. This five-page fact sheet describes each of the types of olive oil and their pros and cons. Written by Wendy J. Dahl, Michael A. Tandlich, and Julie England and published by the Food Science and Human Nutrition Department.
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs282

Creciendo Papas en el Jardín de su Hogar en la Florida

Pick any vegetable crop - from lettuce and tomatoes to peppers and potatoes - chances are IFAS research is helping Florida farmers produce a superior product for consumers in todays copetitive marketplace.
The Irish potato is a cool-season crop. A recently grown and harvested potato exhibits different flavor profiles from one that has been in storage or on a grocery shelf for an extended period. For example, in storage, the starches in potatoes convert to sugars, resulting in a less desirable texture and taste. “New” potato flavor can be achieved in the home garden by following a few growing recommendations. This is ten-page fact sheet is the Spanish language version of HS933 Growing Potatoes in the Florida Home Garden. Written by Christian T. Christensen, Joel Reyes-Cabrera, Lincoln Zotarelli, Wendy J. Dahl, Doug Gergela, Jeffery E. Pack, James M. White, and Chad M. Hutchinson.
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1282

Pureed Foods: Texture Testing with the Slump Test

Figure 6. A) puréed canned beets with water separation; B) puréed canned beets with the addition of a small amount of puréed kidney beans and showing no water separation (cylinder filled to 2” marking).
For individuals with dysphagia, the texture of puréed foods is extremely important. If the puréed foods are either too thick or too thin, it can make it more difficult to swallow. The slump test is a quick, easy, and inexpensive way to assess the texture of foods. This four-page fact sheet describes the slump test, how to perform a slump test, and how the slump test can be used to evaluate the texture of puréed foods. Written by Wendy J. Dahl, and published by the Food Science and Human Nutrition Department.
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs276

De Compras Para la Salud: Mariscos

Sea Grant seafood app photography at Wild Ocean Market on Friday, August 24th, 2012. Fish.
El marisco es un término general para todo tip de pescados y mariscos (USDA 2010). Los mariscos son parte del “grupo de alimentos de proteína” de MyPlate y también proporciona otros nutrientes necesarios para una buena salud (USDA 2011). Como hay muchos beneficios para la salud associados con la inclusión de los mariscos en la dieta, se recomienda que los adultos consuman al menos ocho onzas de una variedad de mariscos cada semana. Mientras que comer más mariscos se recomienda como parte de una dieta saludable, es importante tener en cuenta su presupuesto al hacer compras de mariscos. Este artículo explica los beneficios para la salud de los mariscos y ofrece algunas estrategias para ahorrar dinero para hacer los mariscos más asequible. This four page fact sheet is the Spanish language version of http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs247, written by Michelle Brown and Wendy J. Dahl, and published by the Food Science and Human Nutrition Department.
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs275

Chronic Kidney Disease: Phosphorus and Your Diet

Figure 1. Food preparation area in the home kitchen
Phosphorous is an essential mineral necessary for the formation of bones and teeth, but also for kidney function and the regulation of muscle contractions, heartbeat, and nerve transmission. High blood levels of phosphorus may lead to adverse effects on bone, kidney, and heart health. When there is too much phosphorus in the blood, the body reacts by leaching calcium from the bones. This can be especially dangerous for those with Chronic Kidney Disease. This four-page fact sheet discusses the relationship between Chronic Kidney Disease and Phosphorous intake, examining foods that are high in phosphorous and ways to manage phosphorous levels. Written by Nancy J. Gal, Lauren Headrick, Kate Bennett, and Wendy J. Dahl, and published by the Food Science and Human Nutrition Department.
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs273

De compras para la salud: Comidas para una persona

Figure 1. Shopping for healthy,, low cost meals for one can be easy and enjoyable with just a little bit of planningEn el mundo ajetreado de hoy, muchos estadounidenses se encuentran cocinando para ellos mismos. Los adultos mayores y estudiantes universitarios por igual, se enfrentan al desafío de preparar la comida como una prioridad, cuando nadie más se encarga de ellos para crear una comida balanceada. Ya sea que usted coloque una comida en el microondas después de un día muy ocupado, o pase tiempo cocinando una comida especial para usted, comprar y preparar comidas saludables para uno mismo a bajo costo puede ser agradable, simplemente con un poco de planificación. This 5-page fact sheet is the Spanish language version of FSHN13-02/FS224: Shopping for Health: A Menu for One. It was written by Morgan Denhard and Wendy Dahl, and published by the UF Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, February 2015. (Photo: Thinkstock.com)
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs266

De compras para la salud: Las hierbas y las especias

set of wooden bowls with different spicesLas hierbas y las especias han sido usadas durante cientos de años en la cocina y en la medicina. Estas añaden una amplia gama de sabores a los alimentos y también pueden proporcionar beneficios para salud. Para algunas personas, el uso de hierbas y de especias en la cocina puede ser un reto—¡pero no tiene qué ser así! La siguiente información le permitirá estar en un buen camino para disfrutar de una sazón sabrosa y saludable.This 4-page fact sheet is the Spanish language version of Shopping for Health: Herbs and Spices, written by Jenna A. Norris and Wendy J. Dahl, and published by the UF Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, January 2015.
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs264

De compras para la salud: Las frutas

grocery bag with fruitLas frutas tienen un buen sabor y son buenas para usted. Algunas frutas son muy ricas en nutrientes. Es decir, contienen muchas vitaminas, minerales, antioxidantes y fibra que su cuerpo necesita para estar saludable. Ya sea que le gusten las frutas frescas o los jugos de fruta, las frutas congeladas o enlatadas, es importante escoger una variedad diferente cada día. Algunos consejos para ayudarle antes durante y después de ir a comprar frutas.This 4-page fact sheet is the Spanish language version of Shopping for Health: Fruit, written by Ashley R. Kendall y Wendy J. Dahl, and published by the UF Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, January 2015.
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs263

Shopping for Health: Snack Foods

Home made crispy kale chipsAt first glance, you might think that snacking should be avoided because of the extra calories they can add to your diet. However, studies have shown there may be benefits when healthy snack choices are made. Read this 4-page fact sheet to learn about the benefits of healthy snacks and to learn healthy snack shopping tips. Includes recipes for homemade crispy kale chips and peanut butter and jelly yogurt. Written by Carley Rusch and Wendy J. Dahl, and published by the UF Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, January 2015. (Photo: iStock/Thinkstock.com)
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs262

Shopping for Health: Seafood

grilled salmon on fresh greensSeafood is part of the protein foods group of MyPlate and also provides other nutrients needed for good health. Because of the many health benefits, adults should consume at least eight ounces of a variety of seafood every week. Still, it is important to consider your budget when shopping for seafood. This 4-page fact sheet explains the health benefits of seafood and offers some money-saving strategies for making seafood more affordable. Written by Michelle Brown and Wendy J. Dahl, and published by the UF Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, April 2014. (Photo: Elena Gaak/iStock/Thinkstock)
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs247

Facts about Protein

sources of proteinThere are many sources of dietary protein. This 3-page fact sheet covers protein basics, the role of proteins in the body, recommended intake, sources of protein and how to make healthier choices. Written by Nicole C. Agro and Wendy J. Dahl, and published by the UF Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, January 2015.
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs261