Self-Treatment Methods for Livestock–Backrubbers (ENY279/IG134)

Figure 1. Backrubbers correctly positioned in high traffic areas.Back rubbers are a method of pesticide self-treatment for cattle. When bothered by insects or other pests, cattle tend to rub against objects. Backrubbers provide a rubbing surface that is treated with a pesticide. Cattle self-treat during rubbing, which reduces the number of flies, particularly horn flies, and parasites such as lice, on the animal. Backrubbers may be purchased commercially or constructed from easily available materials. A properly designed backrubber that supplies pesticide reliably to the animal can be a valuable addition to an integrated pest management program. This 4-page fact sheet was written by E. N. I. Weeks and P. E. Kaufman, and published by the UF Department of Entomology and Nematology, September 2012.

ENY209/MG204 Lyme Disease

Revised! ENY-209, a 4-page illustrated fact sheet by P. E. Kaufman, P. G. Koehler and J. F. Butler, describes this disease transmitted by the bite of a tick, symptoms, treatment, prevention and control. Includes references. Published by the UF Department of Entomology and Nematology, August 2009.