2012 Florida Constitutional Amendments series

Voters at a Polling StationIn addition to 2012 being a presidential election year, Florida voters also will be asked to vote on a number of proposed amendments to their state constitution. Many voters remain either unaware or less informed regarding the effects and impacts of the proposed constitutional amendments. This series of 6 fact sheets was written by Rodney L. Clouser, and published by the UF Department of Food and Resource Economics, July 2012.

http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/topic_2012_florida_constitutional_amendments

Facts and Frequently Asked Questions About Lean, Finely-Textured Beef (AN281)

USDA inspection of beef grinding operationTwo very similar finely-textured beef products available commercially and produced from slightly different patented processes have received an increased amount of media attention recently, where they have been referred to as “pink slime.” This 4-page fact sheet is intended to answer some of the consumer questions that have arisen as a result of this increased attention. Written by Chad Carr, Dwain Johnson, Joel Brendemuhl, and Larry Eubanks, and published by the UF Department of Animal Science, July 2012.
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/an281

Preparing Healthful Ethnic Foods (FCS8757/FY343)

Figure 2. Use only a small amount of oil and meat and lots of colorful vegetables to keep healthy stir-fried dishes low in fat and high in fiber and other nutrients.Eating a variety of nutrient-rich foods helps you get the nutrients you need to look and feel your best. One tasty way to increase variety in your food choices is to include ethnic foods like Chinese, Mexican, Italian, Greek, and others. How do you know that you are making healthy choices when you eat these foods? This 3-page fact sheet was written by Linda B. Bobroff and R. Elaine Turner, and published by the UF Department of Family Youth and Community Sciences, June 2012.
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fy343

Teen Dating on the Decline (FAR1207/FM409)

movie theater date“Ah, the first date! This is coming up soon for some of my teenage friends. Chances are they will be excited—and nervous, too. And it’s no wonder. Child and family experts say that dating is a major change and one of the more challenging adjustments teens face.” This 2-page Family Album Radio transcript was written by Suzanna Smith, and published by the UF Department of Family Youth and Community Sciences, July 2012.
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fm409

De compras para la salud: Dietas Vegetarianas (FSHN1106S/FS194)

Figura 1.  Juliadeb va de compras. (collage)Las dietas vegetarianas bien balanceadas pueden ser nutritivas y ofrecen una variedad de beneficios para la salud. Los vegetarianos son menos propensos a generar enfermedades crónicas como la diabetes, hipertensión, enfermedades coronarias y ciertos tipos de cáncer. Pero los vegetarianos tienen un riesgo mayor de sufrir muchas deficiencias de nutrientes, incluyendo el hierro, la vitamina B12, el calcio y el zinc. This 4-page fact sheet was written by Lauren Foster and Wendy J. Dahl, and published by the UF Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, June 2012.
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs194

Tropical Bont Tick Amblyomma variegatum Fabricius (Arachnida: Acari: Ixodidae) (EENY518/IN934)

Figure 2.  Adult male tropical bont tick, Amblyomma variegatum Fabricius.The tropical bont tick is considered one of the most detrimental of the tick species present in Africa and now the Caribbean. It can result in severe economic losses due to hide damage, milk production reduction, and death of livestock. This 7-page fact sheet was written by Karen C. Prine and Amanda C. Hodges, and published by the UF Department of Entomology and Nematology, June 2012.
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in934

Cottonwood Leaf Beetle Chrysomela scripta Fabricius (Insecta: Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Chrysomela) (EENY519/IN936)

Figure 10. Life cycle of the cottonwood leaf beetle, Chrysomela scripta Fabricius.The cottonwood leaf beetle is one of the most economically-important pests of managed cottonwood, aspen, and some poplar and willow species. Often it is a severe pest of urban ornamental trees. This leaf feeder has several generations each year, may cause extensive leaf loss, and can consequently reduce stem volume up to 70%. This 6-page fact sheet was written by Amelio A. Chi and Russell F. Mizell III, and published by the UF Department of Entomology and Nematology, June 2012.
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in936

Breastfeeding during Disaster (FAR0430/FM429)

mother nursing baby“As we’ve learned over the past couple of years, disaster can strike anyone, anywhere, and anytime. A natural disaster, whether hurricane, tornado, flood, or tsunami, can devastate areas and leave families without resources, sometimes for long periods of time. And while people of all ages suffer, infants can be at far greater risk. However, mothers can save their infants’ lives and protect them from illness by simply breastfeeding, even if they haven’t been breastfeeding their baby.” This 2-page Family Album Radio transcript was written by Donna Davis, and published by the UF Department of Family Youth and Community Sciences, July 2012.
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fm429

Rethinking the Role of Nitrogen and Phosphorus in the Eutrophication of Aquatic Ecosystems (SGEF190/SG118)

Figure 1. Shoreline bloomFor many years, environmental agencies have sought to improve the water quality of lakes and estuaries by reducing inputs of phosphorus. New research indicates that we must reduce both phosphorus and nitrogen to reverse eutrophication symptoms. This 3-page fact sheet was written by Karl Havens and Thomas Frazer, and published by the UF Department of Sea Grant, June 2012.
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/sg118

Online Sexual Solicitation (FAR1210/FM431)

man using laptop“Internet connectivity in the form of blogs, chat rooms, and forums can be hazardous to our teens today. These online communication aids are not themselves the problem; rather, teens face an ever-present threat of being sexually solicited online.” This 2-page Family Album Radio transcript was written by Kate Fogarty, and published by the UF Department of Family Youth and Community Sciences, July 2012.
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fm431

Home Buying and Your Credit Report (FCS3217/HE714)

Figure 1.  Before you purchase a house, you need to look over your credit report. Your credit history will affect whether or not a bank will give you a loan, as well as the interest rate you will be charged.Before you purchase a house, you need to look over your credit report. Your credit history will affect whether or not a bank will give you a loan, as well as the interest rate you will be charged. This 3-page fact sheet was written by Martie Gillen and Virginia Peart, and published by the UF Department of Family Youth and Community Sciences, July 2012.
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/he714

Blossom Drop, Reduced Fruit Set, and Post-Pollination Disorders in Tomato (HS1195)

Figure 1.  Reproductive features of tomato flower. Left: female pistil. Center: open tomato flower. Right: male stamens.Blossom drop and reduced fruit set in tomato can seriously impact yields. Growers in Florida routinely experience such problems and inquire about the cause and possible preventative measures to reduce flower loss and improve yields. The problem can be frustrating and difficult to manage in some situations. This 6-page fact sheet was written by Monica Ozores-Hampton, Fnu Kiran, and Gene McAvoy, and published by the UF Department of Horticultural Sciences, July 2012.
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1195

ADHD in Early Childhood: Part 2 – Information for Preschool Teachers (FCS2317/FY1330)

Figure 1. Preschool teachers should be aware of ADHD symptoms and should talk with a child’s parents if they believe a child should be tested for ADHD.Instructing children with ADHD can be a difficult task for many teachers, especially for those in the child care or preschool setting. Children with ADHD are often identified because they show problem behaviors in preschool. Early childhood educators should be aware of ADHD symptoms so that they can spot the signs of the disorder. This 3-page fact sheet was written by Heidi Liss Radunovich and Allie Munch, and published by the UF Department of Family Youth and Community Sciences, July 2012.
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fy1330

ADHD in Early Childhood: Part 1 – Understanding ADHD in Preschoolers (FCS2316/FY1329)

Figure 1. It is difficult to spot and diagnose ADHD in young children because they are still developing in the areas of attention and focus.Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a brain-based disorder that involves difficulty with paying attention, staying still, and thinking carefully about things ahead of time. Preschool children with ADHD are a lot more hyperactive, impulsive, and inattentive than children who do not have ADHD. This 3-page fact sheet was written by Allie Munch and Heidi Liss Radunovich, and published by the UF Department of Family Youth and Community Sciences, July 2012.
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fy1329

Embalses Costeros Para el Control de los Mosquitos (ENY648S/IN193)

Figure 6b.  Recobro de la vegetación en el embalse IRC #12.Los embalses costeros utilizados en Florida para el control de los mosquitos son marismas o manglares con un dique periférico que permite inundar el área durante la temporada de cría de mosquitos. Desde entonces, investigaciones científicas han demostrado que el embalsamiento puede causar serios impactos ambientales en las marismas, manglares y esteros colindantes. Hoy en día, se ha devuelto una hidrología más natural a más de 1,300 ha de marismas y manglares embalsados y se han eliminado más de 70 km de diques. De las 16,185 ha originales de marismas embalsadas en la laguna Indian River, se han restaurado de alguna manera más de 12,600 ha, ya sea por reconexión, brechas en los diques, o restauración de las orillas. This 6-page fact sheet was written by Jorge R. Rey y C. Roxanne Connelly, and published by the UF Department of Entomology and Nematology, June 2012.
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in193

Mosquito Control Impoundments (ENY648S/IN192)

Figure 5.  The Banana River project.A mosquito control impoundment is a salt marsh or mangrove forest with an earthen dike around the perimeter that allows the area to be artificially flooded during the mosquito breeding season. Since the seventies, research has shown that impounding can have severe environmental impacts on the marshes and the adjoining estuary. So, over 12,600 hectares of the original 16,185 of impoundments have been rehabilitated in some fashion. This 6-page fact sheet was written by Jorge R. Rey and C. Roxanne Connelly, and published by the UF Department of Entomology and Nematology, June 2012.
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in192

Teens and Dating: Tips for Parents (FAR1211/FM438)

passing love note in class“I’ll never forget the initial shock I felt when my second grader came home from school one day to tell me that one of her friends was “going out” with one of the little boys in her class. “Going out?!” I asked. “What does that mean?” She couldn’t really answer, much to my relief. Many parents might likewise find themselves unprepared when they first learn their elementary and middle schoolers have developed perfectly normal crushes on their classmates.” This 2-page Family Album Radio transcript was written by Kate Fogarty and Donna Davis, and published by the UF Department of Family Youth and Community Sciences, July 2012.
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fm438

Watersheds of Florida: Understanding a Watershed Approach to Water Management (SL367/SS568)

Figure 1.  Graphical illustration of a watershed.Water is of primary importance to all life on earth. Freshwater is a finite resource, and managing freshwater requires an understanding of watersheds and a watershed approach. Both quantity and quality of water are important for balanced beneficial and efficient agricultural, industrial, rural, and urban uses. This 7-page fact sheet provides information on watersheds and introduces the watershed approach and management concept as practiced in the U.S., with a focus on Florida watersheds in particular. This document also provides information on the basins, basin groups, and hydrologic units of Florida used by the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP) to implement watershed assessment, monitoring, and restoration programs. Written by Rao Mylavarapu, Kelley Hines, Thomas Obreza, and Greg Means, and published by the UF Department of Soil and Water Science, July 2012.
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ss568

Helping Children with Homework (FAR1718/FM445)

mother and son doing homework“Although children and their parents often dread homework, it provides an important opportunity for children to practice what they have learned in school, get more in-depth information, apply skills learned more broadly, obtain important learning and organizational skills, and learn how to work independently with self-discipline. Homework can also give parents a sense of what their children are doing in school and how well they are doing. And homework can even enhance parents’ relationships with their children.” This 2-page Family Album Radio transcript was written by Heidi Liss Radunovich, and published by the UF Department of Family Youth and Community Sciences, July 2012.
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fm445

Well Installation Procedures for Agricultural Irrigation in Miami-Dade County (AE489)

Figure 1.  Screenshot from the SFWMD website for ePermitting of the online application for Water Use Permits.Water wells or groundwater wells are the main source of irrigation water for agriculture in Miami-Dade County. Depending on the purpose and characteristics of the well, different permits are required for installing the well and pumping water from the well. The information provided in this 4-page fact sheet is based on current rules, contacts, and prices as of March 2012 for Miami-Dade County. Written by Kati W. Migliaccio, E. Vanessa Campoverde, and Ann Marie Superchi, and published by the UF Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, June 2012.
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ae489